Host A Website On AWS EC2: So buckle up, because hosting a website in the modern digital age is now a piece of cake, all owing to the amazing power of cloud computing!
Therefore, which service should you use? You should host your website on AWS EC2 if you want to keep your company at the top and remain competitive.
Now pay attention because I’m about to show you how to set up a web server on an AWS EC2 instance in this tutorial.
I assure you that your website will be operational in a flash.
You’ve undoubtedly already realized how incredible cloud computing is, and guess what else?
It will only get better from here!
The future of cloud computing is bright and full of advantages for both customers and service providers.
Let me share some information with you to get your cloud computing journey going.
Now, I’m sure many of you have designed straightforward websites and installed them locally on your dependable PC or laptop.
However, have you ever considered going a step further and making your website publicly available by hosting it in the cloud?
We’ll go right into launching an EC2 Server in this tutorial.
Yes, you read it correctly. We’re going to use an Ubuntu Linux Virtual Server to get your website up and running by providing the trusty index.html.
Are you prepared to start your exciting journey with website hosting?
Awesome! Let’s get started straight away, okay?
What is AWS?
Let’s talk about Amazon Web Services (AWS) now, everyone. AWS now acts as Amazon’s hip younger sibling by providing cloud computing services for affordable costs.
They know exactly what they’re doing, which is why their clientele keeps expanding.
There are some important players in the AWS game right now. We’re discussing CloudFront, EC2, RDS, and S3.
But my friends, hold on to your hats, for it is only the top of the iceberg.
They provide a staggering 140+ services in all, ranging from compute and storage to databases, analytics, networking, mobile, developer tools, management tools, the Internet of Things (IoT), security, and even enterprise applications.
Whatever you need, they have you covered.
Why Amazon EC2 Instance?
In the AWS Cloud, Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is similar to having your own incredibly flexible virtual server.
It all comes down to providing you with the precise amount of computing power that meets your needs.
You have the incredible flexibility to scale up or down with Amazon EC2 if your needs change or there are unexpected spikes in traffic.
AWS’s on-demand EC2 instances are similar to virtual servers that you may hire by the hour to run your own applications on.
It all comes down to having the freedom to use your resources and influence events.
Listen up, then! You must be well aware of the astronomical costs associated with establishing and running a server.
And let’s face it, for startups and individuals, executing their business strategy should be their top priority rather than worrying about the infrastructure.
My friend, that is exactly where AWS comes into play.
A revolutionary in terms of computing economics is Amazon EC2.
Only the capacity that is actually used is charged. Hold your breath, there’s still more!
With Amazon EC2, developers have access to a ton of cool tools that enable them to create applications that are resilient to failures and protect themselves from those annoying typical failure scenarios.
But hey, enough with the dull introductions; how about we get right to the point?
We’re about to take a deep dive into this, so buckle up and prepare to plunge into the subject at hand.
10 Steps to Host A Website On AWS EC2
Get a virtual server set up in the cloud so that you can host your website there. And what’s this? You receive an EC2 instance from AWS that acts as your virtual server.
Let me now simplify it for you. Setting up an EC2 instance entails building a cloud-based virtual computer where your website will be hosted. The convenience of it is that you can use it whenever and wherever you choose. Quite amazing, huh?
Once your EC2 instance is configured, you are ready to start. You can set up all the server software and programs required to make your website function properly.
Step 1: Launch an Instance
First things first, go ahead and log into that bad boy.
Once you’re in, head over to the tippity-top right corner of the EC2 dashboard.
From there, you’ll be able to pick the AWS Region where you want to unleash your EC2 server.
Alright, now that you’ve got your Region all squared away, it’s time to take the plunge and launch that Instance.
Find the “Launch Instance” button on the dashboard and give it a good ol’ click.
You’re on your way to setting up your EC2 server in no time.
Step 2: Choose Amazon Machine Image (AMI)
In order to launch our website on a virtual machine, we must first set up our very own virtual server.
Our primary goal now is to select the operating system that will run on this virtual server because Amazon is providing the hardware for it.
We have these things called AMIs, which are essentially images of operating systems that we can download and install on our personal computers, just like ISOs are readily available for Windows and Linux.
Make sure you have an AWS account before we start; it doesn’t matter if it’s the free tier or an AWS Educate account; anything will work.
Once you have that prepared, let’s proceed to the next actions:
- Go to the Services menu in the AWS Management Console after opening it. Select EC2.
- Change to the new user interface (UI) if you see a New EC2 Experience option in the top right corner of the screen. Make sure you flip it on even though it ought to be enabled by default.
- It’s time to start our instance now. The Launch instance button is there, ready for you to click.
- You will then see a selection screen. Click Select after finding the Amazon Linux 2 AMI option. We’ll always go with this.
There you have it, then! By choosing the operating system, we’ve prepared the ground for our virtual server.
To finish the setup, continue to adhere to the upcoming instructions.
Step 3: Choose an Instance Type
A wide variety of instance types with different use cases are available on Amazon EC2.
These instance types provide you the freedom to choose the ideal combination of resources for your applications by combining various ratios of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capabilities.
Examine the t2.micro instance type now.
Okay, let’s configure this instance to meet your needs!
Here on this handy little page, you can set up all the networking and monitoring options.
Fear not, it’s simple as pie! But hey, let’s stick with the default settings for the time being.
In order to continue, click Next: Add Storage when you’re ready.
Step 4: Add Storage
Elastic Beanstalk (EBS) Volume is comparable to a cloud-based virtual hard drive.
When we discuss the volume type Root, we are referring to the partition from which the OS will start.
If we require more partitions, we can quickly add them by selecting Add New Volume.
The EBS connected to the EC2 instance will likewise be destroyed if we choose to do so. Delete on Termination means that.
You can use Add Tags to assign key-value pairs to your instance if you want to label it for better cost analysis or for any other reason.
When working with huge infrastructures made up of numerous instances, this functionality is extremely useful.
Moving forward, let’s select Next: Create a Security Group.
You can read more about tags here if you’re interested.
Elastic Block Store (EBS), a network-attached virtual disk, is used by Amazon EC2 to store data.
The root volume, often known as the “boot” volume, is a default 8 GiB disk volume that is included when you launch the Amazon EC2 instance.
Let’s move on to the next phase now: Upcoming: Add Tags.
Step 5: Configure Security Groups
Okay, so here’s the deal: Security Groups serve as your system’s reliable firewalls by dictating the types of communication that are permitted and prohibited.
Here is the plan: Port 22 will be opened so that users can SSH into our EC2 server. Additionally, we’ll provide the go-ahead for both HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS (port 443) in order to facilitate smooth online traffic.
The catch is that we will only permit access to SSH from our own IP, keeping it tightly secured. However, we will be more tolerant and permit online traffic from wherever, whether it is HTTP or HTTPS.
Once everything is set up, simply click the Review and Launch button. Before we go, let’s make sure everything is in order.
Step 6: Connecting to the Instance To Host A Website On AWS EC2
Okay, now that your instance is operational, it’s time to establish a connection.
There are other options available, such as using Putty, PowerShell, or even the Amazon Console directly.
But for the time being, I’ll demonstrate the PowerShell approach because it works well for me.
Start PowerShell first, then go to the location where you saved the linuxkey.pem file you downloaded earlier.
Once there, simply enter the command below (with in mind that your key file and instance name may differ):
The fundamental syntax is ssh -i name of key file> followed by space and Public ipv4 DN.
ssh -i "linuxkey.pem" email@example.com
Once you’ve input that correctly, you should see something similar to this:
All right, let’s proceed to the following stage now that you are all linked and ready to begin.
Step 7: Installing the Web Server To Host A Website On AWS EC2
Firstly, let’s increase your privileges so that you have more power. You will have the power to make significant changes after completing this phase.
It’s now time to update all the packages on your instance.
yum update -y
Imagine it as being comparable to how Homebrew on a Mac updates packages.
We’ll proceed to install the Apache webserver next.
yum install httpd -y
This will enable you to efficiently serve your website and respond to incoming requests.
service httpd start
Let’s start the show now, all right? The webserver will be started.
Step 8: Check if the server is working
Okay, now discover your instance in the Amazon console by going there.
Find the newly created instance, then click on it. The public IPv4 address of your instance is right there, below.
Open a new tab in your browser and copy that cool Public IPv4 address.
Enter after pasting it in.
You’ve succeeded if you’re reading this page right now, so congrats and hold on to your party hat! 🎉
Your very own server has been successfully set up!
Let’s return to the reliable PowerShell now.
Step 9: Add a static HTML file to be served
Let’s get started building our very own personalized web page now.
The index.html file in the /var/www/html directory is automatically shown as the home page of your website when the Apache web server is configured.
Therefore, let’s begin by making the index.html file that will be provided.
Go to the directory mentioned before first.
Once you’re there, start by making a new file with the name index.html.
The command-line text editor we’ll be using is called Nano, and it’s available pre-installed on most Linux computers. It’s a fantastic option, especially for Linux beginners.
Here’s when the enjoyable part starts.
To this file, you can add any HTML content you desire.
Feel free to select whatever suits your fancy, but I’m going with the Bootstrap beginning template.
<html><body>My webserver is running!!!😮</body></html>
Once you’ve finished writing your code, save it and then quit. Ctrl+X, “y,” to confirm, and “Enter” to complete the action are required.
You’ll save your modifications before leaving the editor.
You have it now! Your own web page is prepared for use.
You can now unwind, sit back, and savor the results of your efforts.
Step 10: Test your website That You Want To Host A Website On AWS EC2
Okay, here’s the deal: just follow the procedures we used to test that fantastic Apache server.
To begin with, copy that handy IPv4 address and paste it directly into your reliable browser.
Prepare yourself for the miracle that is about to occur right now.
Your website should now be wonderfully rendered in front of you.
My friend, you have successfully launched a website in the cloud.
Oh, and here’s a little advice for you: feel free to tell your friends about this IP address.
They’ll have no trouble visiting your website. But why stop there, right?
Adding a fancy domain name like “www.mywebsite.com” to that IP will make it more impressive.
Your friends won’t have to strain their memory to recall the difficult IP address if you do that.
Benefits of Host A Website On AWS EC2
Scalability: Depending on what your website requires, AWS makes it simple to scale your hosting resources up or down. This implies that you can maintain a stable website while easily adjusting to changes in traffic and usage trends.
Reliability: AWS has your back when it comes to keeping your website up and operating. With a rock-solid infrastructure, it guarantees that your site will stay accessible and dependable even during periods of high demand or traffic.
Security: You can rely on Amazon Web Services to keep your website and data secure. In order to protect your precious assets from potential attacks, AWS provides a variety of security tools like firewalls, access controls, and encryption.
Flexibility: AWS provides a wide range of hosting alternatives to meet your various demands. AWS has you covered whether you’re searching for fundamental website hosting or cutting-edge options like cloud-based storage, artificial intelligence, or machine learning. You’ll be free to investigate various options and take full advantage of cutting-edge technology.
Features of Host A Website On AWS EC2
Consider AMIs as whole server packages that come with the operating system and extra software.
You have the freedom to select from a variety of instance types with Amazon EC2, each of which offers a different configuration of CPU, memory, storage, and networking power.
Using key pairs makes it simple to secure access to your instances.
While you can store the private key in a secure location, AWS keeps your public key secure.
Another cool feature is that when you suspend or terminate your instance, any storage volumes holding temporary data are automatically removed.
These volumes are referred to as instance store volumes.
That’s not all, though. Persistent storage volumes are also made available by Amazon EC2 via Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS).
By doing this, you can be sure that your data will be safe even if you halt or terminate an instance.
We provide an adaptable firewall called security groups that may be used to regulate incoming access to your instances.
You have complete control over who may access your instances since you can specify protocols, ports, and source IP ranges.
For your dynamic cloud computing requirements, do you need a static IP address?
Consider using Elastic IP addresses.
These addresses offer constancy and stability in a shifting world.
In addition, tags, a useful feature of Amazon EC2, let you add metadata to your instances for simpler management and organization.
Last but not least, virtual private clouds (VPCs), which are offered by Amazon EC2, are virtual networks.
For increased security, these networks are logically separated from the rest of the AWS cloud.
And we also make it possible for you to connect your VPC to your own network if you ever need to.
Every single business out there absolutely needs to have a website.
And what’s this? I’m going to demonstrate how to host your website on AWS EC2 in this fantastic tutorial.
Additionally, you’ll discover how to use Apache and PHP to build dynamic web pages.
Check out this now! You now possess a dynamic web page that is awesome, totally functioning, and powered by Apache and PHP.
But why stop there, you ask?
Increase the security of your website with a handy Cloudflare SSL certificate.